The 5 Most Common Weeds That Any Dacha Gardener Should Know

Field creeper

Field loosestrife is popularly known as “birch”. It is a beautiful plant with medicinal properties, but it is not good for the garden. It pulls nitrate nitrogen from the soil, which causes neighboring plants to suffer.

How to get rid of it: The loosestrife is very difficult to get out of the vegetable garden. It will take more than one season. The plant should be regularly weeded together with the root as soon as the young sprouts appear. Also, the land where the loosestrife grows can be sown with green manure, and if they are not available – mustard, sunflower, or corn.

Another way to control it is to mulch vegetable crops. The earth between the plants is filled with sawdust or leaves or covered with film. Under the cover without sunlight, the loosestrife will not germinate.

Small-leaved Canada knotweed

This plant is called “fleabane perdition”, “staghorn” or “conise”. The weed is harmful because it depresses the young shoots of vegetables. If you do not fight the small-leaved weed before flowering, it will quickly spread through the vegetable garden with the help of seeds.

How to remove: the plant should be regularly weeded, and it is important not to let it flower. It must be removed with the root. If it is not possible to pull out the entire root, you can wet the soil.

Wormwood is bitter

Wormwood is an incredibly useful medicinal plant that has been used for medicinal purposes since ancient times. It doesn’t really hurt the vegetable garden that much and can be left on the plot. But if you want to get rid of this plant, you will have to work hard.

How to remove: wormwood is cut off at the roots, and then separately dig up the plant with the root. It is better to have time to do this before the flowering of the plant, that is, until mid-June. You can also mulch garden crops to combat mugwort.


Wormwood is a very tenacious and intrusive weed that can grow almost anywhere. Neither drought nor the cold is afraid of it.

How to get rid of it: Couch grass bushes are dug up with the root with a shovel. The area where wheatgrass grows is recommended to dig over with a pitchfork. Another effective way to combat it is to mulch crops. The garden is covered with a black cloth or opaque film, leaving notches for vegetable crops. Under such a film, the weed will not survive.

After harvesting, wheatgrass can be removed with herbicides so that it will not grow next year.

Blue-headed wheatgrass

Red amaranth is a very tasty and useful cereal, which has useful properties. But its green congener is a common weed and very quickly takes over the garden. To completely get rid of the pesky chives, it is necessary to combine several measures.

How to remove: removing the plant with the root and digging the site is not enough to destroy the amaranth. Removal of the plant is combined with mulching the vegetable garden when the entire space between the beds is covered with a dark airtight film.

A plot with a lot of amaranths can be sown with green manure. Syderats not only successfully displace the weed but are also a natural fertilizer. Marigolds, marigolds, and aquilegia are well suited for this purpose. You can also kill off the pinweed with a special herbicide.

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Written by Emma Miller

I am a registered dietitian nutritionist and own a private nutrition practice, where I provide one-on-one nutritional counseling to patients. I specialize in chronic disease prevention/ management, vegan/ vegetarian nutrition, pre-natal/ postpartum nutrition, wellness coaching, medical nutrition therapy, and weight management.

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