No matter how old you are, or when you are diagnosed with diabetes, your first thought is probably what to do?
Yes, diabetes is a serious disease, but with proper treatment and self-care, you can live a long, full life!
Useful information about diabetes mellitus
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease in which blood sugar (glucose) in the blood exceeds the normal level. You always have a certain amount of glucose in your blood (normal level) because your body needs energy. But too much glucose in the blood is harmful to your health.
The normal level of blood glucose, which is measured in the morning before meals, is 3.3 – 5.5 mmol/l.
Dangerous conditions – you need to see a doctor to prevent coma, adjust doses of medications, diet and exercise.
Hyperglycemia is a blood glucose level of more than 5.5 mmol/L before meals and more than 7.8 mmol/L after meals.
Hypoglycemia is a blood glucose level of less than 3.3 mmol/L.
Why do I need to treat diabetes?
Diabetes treatment will help you feel good, live a full life, and prevent complications of diabetes – leg amputation, blindness, kidney failure, cardiovascular disease, and others.
Why do I need to monitor my glucose level?
Blood glucose levels show whether you are being treated properly or whether your blood glucose levels are normal. This makes it possible to prevent diabetic comas – dangerous and life-threatening conditions.
How to eat with diabetes?
Therapeutic nutrition table No. 9. eat 4 meals a day, do not eat sweets, give preference to vegetable foods.
Foods that can be consumed without restriction:
- Lean meats (veal, poultry without skin).
- Low-fat fish varieties.
- cottage cheese no more than 4% fat.
- Kefir no more than 1% fat.
- currants, blueberries, strawberries, gooseberries, watermelon.
- unsweetened plums, unsweetened apples.
- parsley, dill, radish, spinach, radish, lettuce.
- tomatoes, cucumbers, cabbage, zucchini, eggplant.
- Tomato and carrot juice, tea, non-carbonated table mineral water.
- buckwheat, oatmeal.
Foods whose consumption should be limited to 50 g per day:
- unleavened bread.
- lean beef.
- White cheeses (brynza, mozzarella, Adyghe).
- sour cream up to 10% fat content.
- sweet apples, oranges.
- Alcohol – spirits up to 50 ml 1-2 times a week, dry wine up to 100 ml, a glass a day.
Foods to be excluded:
- flour products made of dried and puff pastry.
- chocolate, sweets
- seeds, nuts.
- smoked sausages, canned fish and meat.
- lard, pork.
- yellow cheeses, mayonnaise, ketchup, mustard
- bananas, grapes, juices, carbonated drinks with sugar.
Physical exercises for diabetes:
Slow walking on flat ground for 2 km (about 60 steps per minute), morning exercises for up to 15 minutes are recommended.
Note that if the blood glucose level is more than 15 mmol/L, physical activity is contraindicated.
Can I prescribe my own medication or increase the dose?
Remember, diabetes mellitus is a disease that requires care and attention to yourself, lifestyle changes!
You are not alone! Ask your endocrinologist for the address of the nearest diabetes school!
Stay active and happy!