What to Do in the Garden in October: 8 Most Important Things to Do

October is a rather fruitful month for the dacha farmer. The October planting calendar offers many things to do for the second month of fall: planting various vegetables, herbs, and flowers, pruning trees, and fertilizing the soil.

Harvesting in October

The harvest of late vegetables, fruits, and berries continues in October. Cabbage, apples, pears, pumpkins, nuts, sea buckthorn, and rowanberries are harvested this month. They continue to harvest grapes in the garden for wine. Harvested fruits and vegetables should be stored in boxes with sawdust or newspapers – so they will last longer. At the very end of the month harvest quinces.

Planting winter crops

Read on our website how to plant winter garlic in October. Carry out this procedure in the first half of the month. From the middle of the month conduct sowing for the winter of carrots, spinach, radishes, celery, leeks, and parsley. For the crops to better survive the winter, the seeds are covered with a mixture of soil and humus.


October is a good month for pruning branches of trees. Active life processes in them are over and pruning will go easily, and before frosts, the wounds will have time to heal. Therefore, the pruning of raspberries, currants, gooseberries, and Actinidia is carried out in September.

Harvesting the vegetable garden

Before frosts, it is advisable to remove all snags and any wood from the garden, because pest larvae spend the winter in their bark. In October, the soil is recultivated, so that in the spring there are fewer weeds. Then mulch is spread on the plot – earlier we told you what to mulch the plot in autumn.

Sowing siderites

When the work on the vegetable garden is finished and the harvest is gathered, you can plant siderites for the winter. Siderates are plants that are sown on the plot after the harvest and mowed in the spring. Over the winter, they improve yields and soil structure and repel pests.

Planting trees and shrubs

Mid-autumn is a good time to plant fruit trees and berry bushes. By winter they will have time to take root and grow a strong root, and in the spring they will give the first harvest. In October you can plant raspberries, currants, gooseberries, apple trees, walnuts, and plums.

When buying a seedling, ask the seller to sell exactly winter-hardy varieties, so that they will definitely survive the winter.

Using fallen leaves

In mid-autumn, active leaf fall begins. For the gardener, this is a good opportunity to prepare fertilizer from leaves or to cover the site with them. Previously, we wrote about what to do with fallen leaves in the garden and in the garden.

Planting flowers

In October, you can keep yourself busy in the flower bed as well. In this month, plant tulips, daisies, forget-me-nots, irises, lupines, and periwinkles. These flowers are planted at the beginning of the month so that they have time to acclimatize to frost. Roses can be planted in mid-October. Closer to November, we plant lilies of the valley and peonies.

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Written by Emma Miller

I am a registered dietitian nutritionist and own a private nutrition practice, where I provide one-on-one nutritional counseling to patients. I specialize in chronic disease prevention/ management, vegan/ vegetarian nutrition, pre-natal/ postpartum nutrition, wellness coaching, medical nutrition therapy, and weight management.

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