The planting season does not always begin in the spring. As early as January, you can plant some vegetables and flowers in pots on the windowsill to transplant them into the soil in early spring. This way you will get your first harvest much earlier. In addition, these plants are hardier and less likely to get sick.
Plant flowers in January to speed up flowering. Both perennials and annuals can be sown in the first month of the year.
Here are examples of flowers that can be planted in sprouts in January:
- Petunias – they are best planted in individual containers, such as cups or peat tablets.
- Begonias are better planted in a mixture of leaf soil, sand, and peat in a ratio of 2:1:1. Until the first leaves appear, it is worth stretching a film over the containers with seeds.
- Heliotrope – like the begonia, it should be covered with a film until it germinates. The seeds are sown in moist soil.
- Turkish carnation.
- Bulb flowers – tulips, daffodils, hyacinths, crocuses. Early March and can be transplanted into the bed to mature.
Bell peppers belong to the vegetables that can safely be planted in a seedling in January. Medium-ripening and late varieties are suitable for this. Before planting, it is recommended to soak the seeds in a solution of ash. To do this, dissolve 2 g of wood ash in a liter of warm water. Tie the bell pepper seeds in a gauze or cloth “bag” and dip them into the mixture for 3 hours. Then rinse the seeds and dry them on the radiator.
Peppers are sown in small containers no more than 5 cm deep. When several leaves appear, the sprouts can be transplanted into deeper pots, where they will stay until spring. Until the sprouts appear, pepper sprouts are watered once every 3 days with a sprayer. Then the soil should be sprinkled every day so that the soil is always slightly moist.
Tomatoes take a long time to mature, so they can be planted as early as January. Then by the time they are transplanted to the plot, the tomatoes will already have flowers on them. If it is cold on the windowsill, it is better to sow frost-resistant varieties.
Before planting, tomato seeds should be soaked for 30 minutes in warm water – so they will germinate better. Tomatoes are planted in individual cups or in a large container at a distance of 4 cm from each other. The soil should be sprayed with warm water before planting. After sowing, the container is covered with a film and placed near the battery in a well-lit place. Water the soil regularly so that it does not dry out.
Sowing eggplant seedlings can be carried out in mid-to-late January – then the seedlings will “mature” by May. Seeds germinate for 2 weeks, then they need to grow for another 60 days before transplanting into the ground. Eggplant seeds should be planted in peat pellets or special soil for vegetables.
One day before sowing, the soil is generously watered. In each cup put 2-3 seeds and lightly covered them with soil. If you sow eggplant in a general container, make furrows 2 cm deep at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Until the emergence of sprouts, the containers are covered with film and put in a warm place.
In January, it is good to sow remontant varieties of strawberries and strawberries. The first berries from it can be removed in July.
Strawberry seeds are soaked in warm water before planting and then dried. Then mix universal soil and sand in a ratio of 1:1 and sprinkle the seeds evenly. The container for growing strawberries should not be deeper than 3 cm. After sowing, cover the container with foil and put it as close to the radiator as possible. After 14 days, the first leaves will appear and the foil can be removed.
In March, strawberry seedlings should be transplanted into individual containers 5 cm deep. After that, they need more lightening. Transplant strawberries into the ground can be in May if the weather is warm, or in June.