Duck Confit

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Duck confit is a traditional French dish that showcases the rich and tender flavors of duck slowly cooked in its own fat. This centuries-old method of preservation has evolved into a gourmet delicacy appreciated worldwide for its depth of flavor and succulent texture. Here’s everything you need to know about preparing duck confit at home, along with a detailed recipe to guide you through the process.

What is Duck Confit?

Duck confit (pronounced “cohn-fee”) originates from Gascony, a region in southwestern France renowned for its culinary traditions. The word “confit” refers to the preservation method wherein meat is salted and then slowly cooked in fat, which acts as a natural preservative. This technique not only preserves the meat but also enhances its flavor and tenderness.

Traditionally, duck legs are seasoned with salt, garlic, and herbs, then slowly cooked in duck fat until meltingly tender. The result is tender, flavorful meat with crispy skin, making it a favorite among food enthusiasts for its luxurious taste and texture.

Ingredients for Duck Confit:

  • 4 duck legs, preferably with thighs attached
  • Coarse salt (such as kosher salt)
  • 4 cloves garlic, smashed
  • 4 sprigs fresh thyme
  • 2 bay leaves
  • Freshly ground black pepper
  • Duck fat (enough to submerge the duck legs completely)


1. Prepare the Duck Legs:

  • Pat the duck legs dry with paper towels. Trim any excess fat around the edges, leaving a thin layer to enhance flavor and texture during cooking.

2. Season the Duck Legs:

  • Generously season the duck legs with coarse salt, rubbing it into the skin and flesh. Add freshly ground black pepper, smashed garlic cloves, fresh thyme sprigs, and bay leaves to enhance the flavors. Ensure the seasoning coats the duck legs evenly.

3. Rest and Cure:

  • Place the seasoned duck legs in a non-reactive dish or container, arranging them in a single layer. Cover tightly with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 12 hours, or preferably up to 24 hours, to allow the flavors to meld and the salt to cure the meat.

4. Cook the Duck Confit:

  • Preheat your oven to 225°F (110°C).
  • In an ovenproof Dutch oven or deep baking dish, melt the duck fat over low heat until it becomes liquid. Alternatively, you can use a combination of duck fat and olive oil for a lighter option.
  • Rinse the duck legs under cold water to remove excess salt and herbs. Pat them dry with paper towels.
  • Place the duck legs in the melted duck fat, ensuring they are fully submerged. Add additional thyme sprigs and bay leaves if desired for extra flavor.
  • Cover the Dutch oven or baking dish with a lid or aluminum foil and transfer it to the preheated oven.

5. Slow Roast the Duck:

  • Roast the duck legs in the oven for 2.5 to 3 hours, or until the meat is very tender and pulls away easily from the bone. The slow cooking process allows the duck to become tender while infusing it with rich flavors from the fat and seasonings.

6. Finish and Serve:

  • Once cooked, carefully remove the duck legs from the fat using tongs or a slotted spoon, allowing any excess fat to drip back into the dish.
  • Optionally, for a crispy finish, sear the duck legs skin-side down in a hot skillet for 3-4 minutes until the skin is golden and crispy.
  • Serve the duck confit hot, accompanied by roasted potatoes, a side salad, or braised vegetables. The crispy skin and tender meat pair perfectly with a glass of red wine, such as a Pinot Noir or Bordeaux.

Tips for Success:

  • Quality of Duck Legs: Use high-quality duck legs for the best results. Look for legs that are plump and well-trimmed, with a good balance of meat and fat.
  • Rendering Duck Fat: Save rendered duck fat from previous cooking sessions or purchase it from specialty stores. Duck fat adds exceptional flavor and ensures a moist, tender texture to the confit.
  • Storage and Reheating: Store leftover duck confit in an airtight container submerged in the fat in the refrigerator for up to a week. To reheat, gently warm the duck legs in a hot oven until heated through, or briefly pan-fry them to restore crispness to the skin.
  • Variations: Experiment with different herbs and spices in your seasoning mix, such as rosemary, juniper berries, or orange zest, to customize the flavor profile of your duck confit.


Duck confit is a luxurious dish that celebrates the rich culinary traditions of France. By following this recipe and these tips, you can recreate the decadent flavors and textures of duck confit in your own kitchen. Whether served as a main course or part of a gourmet meal, duck confit promises to impress with its tender, flavorful meat and crispy skin. Enjoy this classic French delicacy and savor the exquisite taste of slow-cooked duck perfection!

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Written by Robert Zelesky

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