Pizza Margherita: The Quintessential Italian Classic

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Pizza Margherita is not just a dish; it’s a cultural icon that represents the essence of Italian culinary tradition. Named after Queen Margherita of Savoy, this pizza is celebrated for its simplicity and vibrant colors, mirroring the red, white, and green of the Italian flag. Join us as we delve into the history, ingredients, preparation, and cultural significance of Pizza Margherita, and learn how to craft this timeless masterpiece step-by-step.

Origins and History

Pizza Margherita’s origins trace back to Naples, Italy, in the late 19th century. As the story goes, in 1889, the pizzaiolo (pizza maker) Raffaele Esposito created this pizza to honor Queen Margherita of Savoy during her visit to Naples. He topped the pizza with tomatoes (red), mozzarella cheese (white), and basil (green), representing the colors of the newly unified Italian flag. The queen reportedly enjoyed this combination, and thus, Pizza Margherita was born.


For Pizza Margherita:

  • Pizza Dough:
    • 1 pound (450g) pizza dough, homemade or store-bought
  • Toppings:
    • 1/2 cup pizza sauce or marinara sauce
    • 8 ounces (225g) fresh mozzarella cheese, sliced
    • Fresh basil leaves, torn or chopped
  • Optional:
    • Extra virgin olive oil, for drizzling
    • Salt and freshly ground black pepper, to taste


  1. Prepare the Pizza Dough:
    • If using homemade dough, ensure it has been proofed and rolled out into a circular shape of about 12 inches in diameter. If using store-bought dough, follow the package instructions for preparation.
  2. Preheat the Oven:
    • Preheat your oven to the highest temperature possible, typically around 500-550°F (260-290°C). Place a pizza stone or baking sheet in the oven as it preheats.
  3. Assemble the Pizza:
    • Place the rolled-out pizza dough on a piece of parchment paper (for easy transfer to the oven).
    • Spread the pizza sauce evenly over the dough, leaving a small border around the edges.
    • Arrange the sliced fresh mozzarella cheese evenly over the sauce.
  4. Bake the Pizza:
    • Carefully slide the pizza (on the parchment paper) onto the preheated pizza stone or baking sheet in the oven.
    • Bake for 10-12 minutes, or until the crust is golden brown and the cheese is melted and bubbly.
  5. Finish and Serve:
    • Remove the pizza from the oven and immediately sprinkle with torn or chopped fresh basil leaves.
    • Optional: Drizzle with extra virgin olive oil and season with salt and freshly ground black pepper to taste.
    • Slice the Pizza Margherita into wedges and serve hot, savoring the classic flavors of Italy.

Tips for Perfect Pizza Margherita

  • Pizza Dough: Whether homemade or store-bought, ensure the dough is well-proofed and rolled out to a consistent thickness. A thin crust works best for Pizza Margherita.
  • Cheese: Use fresh mozzarella cheese for its creamy texture and mild flavor. Pat the cheese slices dry with a paper towel to remove excess moisture before placing them on the pizza.
  • Basil: Fresh basil leaves add a vibrant herbal note to the pizza. Tear or chop the leaves just before adding them to retain their freshness and flavor.
  • High Heat: Preheat your oven as high as it will go. The intense heat helps to create a crisp crust and melt the cheese quickly without overcooking the toppings.

Cultural Significance

Pizza Margherita is more than just a dish; it symbolizes Italy’s culinary heritage and the spirit of innovation in Naples, the birthplace of pizza. Its simple yet flavorful ingredients reflect the philosophy of Italian cooking, which emphasizes fresh, quality ingredients prepared with care. The combination of tomatoes, mozzarella cheese, and basil pays homage to the colors of Italy’s flag and the pride Italians take in their national identity. Pizza Margherita has transcended its humble origins to become a globally recognized symbol of Italian cuisine, enjoyed by people of all cultures and backgrounds.


Pizza Margherita is a timeless classic that continues to captivate pizza enthusiasts around the world with its harmonious flavors and cultural significance. By honoring Queen Margherita of Savoy with this iconic creation, Raffaele Esposito immortalized a dish that embodies the spirit of Italian culinary tradition. Prepare Pizza Margherita at home to experience the authentic flavors of Naples and share a slice of Italian history with family and friends. Whether enjoyed as a quick meal or a centerpiece of a gathering, Pizza Margherita promises to satisfy your cravings and ignite your passion for Italian food. Buon appetito!

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Written by Robert Zelesky

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