Plants use bitter substances to protect themselves from predators. In humans, they promote blood circulation and digestion, strengthen the immune system and stimulate the fat metabolism in the liver and bile when they are taken in the mouth. Bitter substances are available as preparations and are naturally present in certain foods.
bitter substances in food
If you want to do something good for your liver and bile, you should consume bitter substances several times a week. These foods provide a particularly large amount of bitter substances:
- Dandelions, especially the stalks
- Radicchio, chicory, arugula
- Chocolate with the highest possible cocoa content
Bitter substance preparations: capsules or drops?
Bitter substances are contained, for example, in preparations made from milk thistle and artichokes, as well as in teas made from stinging nettle and dandelion. When taking capsules, the effect of the bitter substances only begins in the stomach and intestines. There is no stimulus via the mouth.
Bitter substance drops drive away the feeling of hunger, and the craving for sweets can subside. This makes it easier to avoid sugar and can help you lose weight.