Orange is an evergreen tree of the Rutaceae family and the fruit of this plant. Orange is considered a fruit, but biologically it is a berry consisting of slices, each covered with a thin shell.
Varieties of oranges
There are many varieties of oranges, most of which can be purchased in our stores and markets, for ease of choice there are the following groups of varieties
- ordinary – fruits with yellow flesh, multi-seeded.
- navel oranges – with orange flesh, the second rudimentary fruit, characterized by parthenocarpy.
- Korolki – with blood-red flesh, small, very sweet.
- Jaffa – large fruits with thick bumpy skin, very sweet and juicy. The peel is used to extract essential orange oil (up to 2%).
An adult tree produces up to 300-500 or more fruits.
Orange is an extremely healthy fruit with a rich vitamin and mineral composition. It contains beta-carotene, folic acid, vitamins B, A, B1, B2, B5, B6, C, H, and PP, as well as minerals necessary for the body: potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, iron, molybdenum, phosphorus, and sodium.
Oranges, especially the white part of the peel, contain pectins that help to increase intestinal motility and reduce putrefactive processes. Oranges are excellent for preventing vitamin deficiency, strengthening the immune system, lower blood cholesterol, and having a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system.
Orange juice, like the whole fruit, has anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effects and a tonic effect is recommended for diseases of the nervous system, gout, and recovery from viral diseases and fractures, as it promotes bone regeneration.
Properties of oranges:
Lowers blood pressure
Studies have shown that the flavonoid hesperidin and magnesium help with this.
Supports the functioning of the cardiovascular system
This is all thanks to the fiber and folic acid. It is enough to eat just one orange a day, and the desired effect will be achieved.
Strengthens the immune system
Vitamin C stimulates the production of white blood cells, which supports the reliability of the immune system.
Lowers cholesterol levels
The flavonoid hesperidin (found in large quantities inside the peel) and pectin reduce the level of “bad” cholesterol in the blood.
At the same time, pectin slows down the absorption of fat and helps to remove toxins from the body.
Vegetable fiber is an assistant here.
Prevents the formation of kidney stones
Studies have shown that orange juice is more effective in this regard than other citrus juices.
Protects against infections
The abundance of flavonoids and polyphenols in oranges, which are powerful antioxidants, helps our body fight off viral infections.
Supports bone and dental health
This benefit of oranges is determined by their rich calcium reserves.
Promotes weight loss
It is difficult to overestimate the benefits of the fruit for those who want to lose weight. The low-calorie content of the orange is in our favor. The average fruit contains only 65 kilocalories, which helps to classify it as a healthy food that is beneficial for a slim figure.
A high concentration of dietary fiber makes you feel fuller with a small amount of food.
Helps brain development
This is due to its richness in folic acid.
Helps produce healthy sperm
Folic acid is the most important source of nutrients for sperm and also protects them from damage that can cause birth defects.
Supports skin health
The antioxidants present protect the skin from free radicals that cause aging.
Contraindications to eating oranges:
Oranges should not be consumed by people suffering from gastritis with high acidity, stomach ulcers, and intestinal disorders.
It is worth remembering that when eating oranges, it is worth knowing the measure, as their excessive consumption can lead to obesity or diabetes.
In addition, oranges have an adverse effect on tooth enamel. Therefore, you should rinse your mouth after eating oranges.