Introduction: Exploring Mongolian cuisine
Mongolian cuisine is a rich and diverse culinary tradition that reflects the nomadic lifestyle of the Mongolian people. The harsh climate and vast landscapes have influenced the way Mongolian cuisine has developed over time. Meat and dairy products are staples of Mongolian cuisine, as they provide the necessary nutrients for a nomadic life. The Mongolian diet includes a variety of dishes made from beef, mutton, horse meat, and dairy products, such as cheese, milk, and yogurt.
Fermenting in Mongolian cuisine: An ancient tradition
Fermenting is an ancient tradition in Mongolian cuisine and plays a significant role in the preservation of food. Due to the nomadic lifestyle, Mongolians have developed different techniques to preserve food for long periods without refrigeration. Fermenting is one of these techniques, and it involves using microorganisms to break down the food’s carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, resulting in a tangy and sour flavor.
Fermented dairy products in Mongolian cuisine
Mongolian cuisine is known for its variety of fermented dairy products, such as airag, tarag, and aaruul. Airag is a traditional Mongolian drink made from fermented mare’s milk. It has a slightly sour and fizzy taste and is often served during special occasions, such as weddings and festivals. Tarag is another fermented dairy product made from cow’s milk and is similar to yogurt. It is often used as a condiment for meat dishes. Aaruul is a dried cheese made from curdled milk and is a popular snack in Mongolia.
Fermented meat dishes: A unique flavor of Mongolia
Fermented meat dishes are a unique flavor of Mongolian cuisine. One of the most famous fermented meat dishes in Mongolia is borts, which is made from dried and fermented beef or mutton. The process of making borts involves drying the meat in the sun and then fermenting it for a few months. Borts is often served as a snack or as a main dish, and its sour flavor pairs well with other dishes.
Fermented vegetables in Mongolian cuisine
Fermented vegetables are also a part of Mongolian cuisine. Tsagaan tolgoi is a traditional Mongolian dish made from fermented turnips. The turnips are sliced thinly, mixed with salt, and left to ferment for a few days. The result is a tangy and crunchy vegetable that is often served as a side dish.
Conclusion: Enjoying Mongolian fermented dishes
Mongolian cuisine offers a unique culinary experience for those willing to try new flavors. Fermenting is an essential part of Mongolian cuisine and has been used for centuries to preserve food. From fermented dairy products to fermented meat and vegetables, Mongolian cuisine offers a wide variety of fermented dishes to enjoy. If you have the opportunity to try Mongolian fermented dishes, don’t hesitate. You might discover a new flavor that will become one of your favorites.