Bacalao a la Llauna (Catalan-Style Cod): A Taste of Catalonia

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Bacalao a la llauna is a traditional Catalan dish that celebrates the flavors of salted cod, a staple in Mediterranean cuisine. This dish is characterized by its simplicity and robust flavors, showcasing the Catalan approach to seafood with a combination of olive oil, garlic, and sometimes a touch of chili. Bacalao a la llauna is typically enjoyed as a main course, served with crusty bread or potatoes, and accompanied by a glass of crisp white wine. This article explores the cultural roots of bacalao a la llauna, its significance in Catalan gastronomy, and provides a step-by-step recipe for you to recreate this iconic dish at home.

History and Cultural Significance

Salted cod, or bacalao, has been a prized ingredient in Catalan cuisine since the Middle Ages, when preserved fish became essential for seafaring communities and inland regions with limited access to fresh seafood. Bacalao a la llauna emerged as a popular dish in Catalonia, particularly in coastal towns such as Barcelona and Tarragona, where seafood is abundant and celebrated. The term “llauna” refers to the traditional tin-plated iron pan used to cook the dish, enhancing its flavor and ensuring even cooking. Today, bacalao a la llauna remains a cherished part of Catalan culinary heritage, beloved for its hearty flavors and straightforward preparation that highlights the natural taste of salted cod.

Ingredients for Bacalao a la Llauna

To prepare bacalao a la llauna, you will need the following ingredients:

  • 4 pieces of salted cod fillets (about 6-8 ounces each): Soaked and desalted.
  • 1/2 cup of extra virgin olive oil: Plus extra for drizzling.
  • 4 cloves of garlic: Thinly sliced.
  • 1 dried chili pepper: Optional, for a hint of spice (or use chili flakes).
  • 1 tablespoon of fresh parsley: Chopped, for garnish.
  • Salt and black pepper: To taste.
  • Optional: Lemon wedges: For serving.

Recipe for Bacalao a la Llauna

Preparing the Salted Cod:

  1. Desalting the Cod:
    • Rinse the salted cod fillets under cold water to remove excess salt.
    • Place the cod fillets in a large bowl and cover with cold water. Let them soak for at least 24 hours in the refrigerator, changing the water 2-3 times to remove any remaining salt. Alternatively, follow the desalting instructions provided on the packaging.

Cooking Bacalao a la Llauna:

  1. Preparing the Pan:
    • Preheat your oven to 400°F (200°C).
    • In a llauna or a heavy-bottomed ovenproof skillet, heat the olive oil over medium heat.
  2. Sautéing the Garlic and Chili:
    • Add the thinly sliced garlic and dried chili pepper (if using) to the hot oil.
    • Sauté for 1-2 minutes, stirring occasionally, until the garlic becomes golden brown and fragrant. Be careful not to burn the garlic, as it can become bitter.
  3. Cooking the Cod Fillets:
    • Pat dry the desalted cod fillets with paper towels to remove excess moisture.
    • Carefully place the cod fillets into the skillet, skin-side down if they have skin.
    • Cook the cod fillets for 2-3 minutes on each side, or until they are lightly browned. The cod should be opaque and flake easily with a fork when cooked through.
  4. Finishing and Serving:
    • Drizzle a little extra olive oil over the cod fillets and garnish with chopped parsley.
    • If desired, serve with lemon wedges on the side for squeezing over the fish.
    • Serve bacalao a la llauna hot, accompanied by crusty bread, potatoes, or a fresh green salad.

Serving Suggestions

Bacalao a la llauna is traditionally served as a main course, accompanied by Catalan-style spinach, roasted vegetables, or a simple salad. Pair this dish with a glass of chilled white wine, such as a crisp Albariño or a Catalan Cava, to complement the flavors of the salted cod and olive oil.

Nutritional Benefits

Salted cod is a lean source of protein and is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, making it a nutritious addition to a balanced diet. Olive oil provides healthy monounsaturated fats, while garlic and chili peppers offer antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. Bacalao a la llauna is a wholesome dish that combines flavor with health benefits, reflecting the Mediterranean diet’s emphasis on fresh ingredients and heart-healthy fats.


Bacalao a la llauna, with its tender salted cod infused with garlic and olive oil, embodies the essence of Catalan cuisine with its robust flavors and straightforward preparation. Whether enjoyed in a seaside restaurant in Barcelona or prepared in your own kitchen, this dish invites you to savor the rich culinary heritage of Catalonia. With its cultural significance and regional variations, bacalao a la llauna continues to captivate food enthusiasts around the world. So, gather your ingredients, embrace the flavors of Catalonia, and indulge in the savory goodness of bacalao a la llauna for a memorable dining experience.

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Written by Robert Zelesky

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