What to Do if the Vacuum Cleaner Does Not Suck Up Dust: Causes and Solutions

A vacuum cleaner is a device without which it is impossible to imagine quality cleaning. A broom is not a good substitute, because it is not capable of so thoroughly collecting all the dust and debris.

The vacuum cleaner works but does not suck – causes of failure

Vacuum cleaner repair experts say that there are only 5 reasons why most often owners of appliances face the lack of suction of dust in the vacuum cleaner. In most cases, you can fix the situation yourself – without the help of a master.

Clogged bag (dust collector)

One of the most common causes of no draft is a dust bag that is completely full. “Completely” is 2\3 of the total volume of the bag. If you leave this situation unattended, the vacuum cleaner will suck up dust worse and worse, and then it will overheat and break down altogether. In this situation, you need to:

  • replace the dust bag with a new one (if you have a disposable one);
  • Clean the reusable bag (shake out the debris, wash under running water, and dry).

Dust collectors in modern vacuum cleaners are not particularly durable – they last for 3-4 washes, and with each subsequent time the quality of cleaning will noticeably deteriorate. The ideal way out of this situation is to purchase new garbage bags that fit your model vacuum cleaner.

Clogged filter

Some vacuum cleaners use special HEPA filters along with, or instead of, dustbags. They last up to 45-55 hours of use, after which they become clogged. The regular ones should be thrown away, while the plastic ones can be washed and put back. It is important to keep in mind that the suction function will deteriorate after each renewal, so it is better to have a few spare filters at home.

Mechanical damage to the vacuum cleaner

If you notice that the unit is not performing its direct function well, inspect it for cracks, dents in the body, or broken nozzles. If you find any breakage, it should be replaced promptly, because even external damage affects the performance of the machine.

Clogged hose, tube, or brush

These parts also sometimes malfunction – the hose may have a leak or may not be attached tightly enough. A clogged brush needs to be cleaned by hand, and if it’s in the shape of a roller, only replace it with a new one. The same goes for the pipe – some vacuum cleaners are equipped with a traction control function (the button is located on the handle). To set the vacuum cleaner to full power, leave the button in the closed position.

Broken motor or cord

A vacuum cleaner that heats up while running is a broken vacuum cleaner. As it sucks in dust, it must stay cool, otherwise, the motor does not work properly, indicating it is broken. In addition, inside the cord, which often rubs against the walls of the apartment during cleaning, the contacts can break. This is the only situation in which you are powerless – you need to contact a master.

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Written by Emma Miller

I am a registered dietitian nutritionist and own a private nutrition practice, where I provide one-on-one nutritional counseling to patients. I specialize in chronic disease prevention/ management, vegan/ vegetarian nutrition, pre-natal/ postpartum nutrition, wellness coaching, medical nutrition therapy, and weight management.

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