Diabetes Signs: Here are 10 to watch out for
Many people think diabetes is none of their business. However, a study assumes that in addition to the seven million diabetics, around 3 million other Germans are probably suffering from the sugar metabolism disorder without knowing it. How to recognize the most important signs of diabetes.
Dry skin, thirst, strong urge to urinate: There are many different signs of diabetes. Not all of these symptoms appear in new cases of diabetes. Some of them are often not even taken seriously by patients – the disease must be recognized and treated at an early stage.
In the picture gallery, PraxisVITA explains the ten most common warning signs that you can use to recognize diabetes at an early stage.
Diabetes signs: what our eyes tell us
Almost every week, patients come to our eye clinic who suffer from fluctuations in visual acuity over the day,” says Prof. Gabriele Lang. Vision problems can be a warning sign: The number of diabetes cases is increasing – two million Germans are affected without knowing it.
The pressure in the eyeball increases
“Some of the patients do not know that they have diabetes until the eye examination. A typical description is, for example: “My vision was blurry this morning, now it’s better again.” The explanation: “A high blood sugar level increases the pressure in the eye, which leads to water retention in the lens.” The shape of the lens changes temporarily, and thus visual acuity. “Anyone who notices such signs of diabetes should consult an ophthalmologist.” Incidentally, women are twice as likely to be affected by the phenomenon as men.
The retina reveals it
The ophthalmologist can detect changes even before there are other signs of diabetes. “Depending on the severity, we see red dots on the retina – these are bleeding – or protrusions on the vessels.” Other pathological changes include the formation of new blood vessels. In any case, the ophthalmologist asks whether diabetes is known. If the answer is no, he will refer you to your family doctor or an internist for further examination.
In diabetes, the veins in the retina are increasingly damaged. Prof. Lang: “After 20 years, 80 percent of patients with type 2 diabetes have diabetic retinopathy (a disease of the retina). In industrialized countries, this is the most common cause of blindness in people of working age. Regular eye exams are very important for diabetic patients.”