Kaalilaatikko: Discovering the Comfort of Finnish Cabbage Casserole

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Kaalilaatikko, a traditional Finnish cabbage casserole, is a dish that exemplifies the hearty and comforting qualities of Finnish cuisine. Made with simple ingredients like cabbage, rice, and ground meat, this dish has been a staple in Finnish households for generations, particularly during colder months when warm, filling meals are cherished. Join us as we explore the history, ingredients, preparation methods, and cultural significance of Kaalilaatikko, along with a detailed recipe to bring this beloved Finnish comfort food into your own kitchen.

History and Cultural Significance:

Kaalilaatikko has its origins in Finnish peasant cuisine, where resourcefulness and simplicity were key. Cabbage, a hardy vegetable that grows well in Finland’s climate, became a staple ingredient in many dishes, including this casserole. Traditionally, Kaalilaatikko was a practical way to use abundant cabbage and create a satisfying meal that could feed a family.

Over time, Kaalilaatikko evolved into a dish enjoyed not only for its nourishing qualities but also for its delicious flavors and comforting appeal. Today, it remains a popular dish served on various occasions, from family dinners to festive gatherings, where it continues to evoke a sense of warmth and tradition.

Ingredients for Kaalilaatikko:

For the Casserole:
  • 1 medium-sized cabbage (about 1 kg or 2.2 lbs), shredded
  • 200g (1 cup) rice, rinsed
  • 500g (1 lb) ground beef or pork
  • 1 onion, finely chopped
  • 2-3 garlic cloves, minced
  • 2 eggs
  • 500ml (2 cups) milk
  • 50g (3.5 tbsp) butter
  • Salt and pepper, to taste
  • 1-2 tsp ground allspice
  • 1-2 tbsp breadcrumbs, for sprinkling


  1. Prepare the Cabbage:
    • Remove any tough outer leaves from the cabbage. Cut the cabbage into quarters and remove the core. Finely shred the cabbage using a sharp knife or a food processor.
  2. Cook the Rice:
    • Rinse the rice under cold water until the water runs clear. In a saucepan, bring water to a boil and add the rinsed rice. Cook for about 10 minutes, or until the rice is partially cooked. Drain and set aside.
  3. Prepare the Meat Mixture:
    • In a large skillet or frying pan, heat a tablespoon of butter over medium heat. Add the chopped onion and minced garlic, sautéing until softened and translucent.
    • Add the ground meat to the pan, breaking it up with a spatula or wooden spoon. Cook until the meat is browned and cooked through. Season with salt, pepper, and ground allspice to taste. Remove from heat and set aside.
  4. Combine the Ingredients:
    • Preheat your oven to 180°C (350°F). Grease a large baking dish with butter or oil.
    • In a large mixing bowl, combine the shredded cabbage, cooked rice, and the meat mixture. Mix well to distribute the ingredients evenly.
  5. Prepare the Egg-Milk Mixture:
    • In a separate bowl, whisk together the eggs and milk until well combined. Season with salt and pepper to taste.
  6. Assemble and Bake the Casserole:
    • Transfer the cabbage and meat mixture into the greased baking dish, spreading it out evenly.
    • Pour the egg-milk mixture over the top, ensuring it evenly coats the cabbage and meat mixture. Dot the surface with butter and sprinkle breadcrumbs on top for a crispy finish.
  7. Bake:
    • Cover the baking dish with aluminum foil and bake in the preheated oven for about 1.5 hours. Remove the foil during the last 15 minutes of baking to allow the top to brown and crisp up.
  8. Serve:
    • Remove the Kaalilaatikko from the oven and let it rest for a few minutes before serving. Cut into squares or wedges and serve hot, accompanied by lingonberry jam or pickles, if desired.

Tips for Perfect Kaalilaatikko:

  • Cabbage Preparation: Shred the cabbage finely to ensure even cooking and distribution throughout the casserole.
  • Meat: You can use ground beef, pork, or a combination of both for added flavor. Adjust seasoning to your taste preferences.
  • Breadcrumbs: Sprinkling breadcrumbs on top adds a crunchy texture to the casserole. You can also use panko breadcrumbs for extra crispiness.

Serving Suggestions:

Kaalilaatikko is traditionally served hot as a main dish, often accompanied by lingonberry jam or pickled cucumbers. It pairs well with a simple salad or steamed vegetables, offering a balanced meal that satisfies both comfort and nutritional needs.


Kaalilaatikko, with its tender cabbage, flavorful meat, and creamy rice, exemplifies the comforting essence of Finnish home cooking. By following this recipe, you can recreate the authentic flavors of Kaalilaatikko in your own kitchen and experience the warmth and tradition that this beloved Finnish casserole brings. Share the joy of Kaalilaatikko with family and friends, and celebrate the rich culinary heritage that has made this dish a timeless favorite in Finland.

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Written by Robert Zelesky

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