Mustikkakukko: Discovering the Delight of Finnish Blueberry Pie

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Mustikkakukko, a traditional Finnish blueberry pie, epitomizes the essence of Nordic baking with its simple yet flavorful combination of fresh blueberries encased in a hearty rye crust. This beloved dessert is a staple during Finnish summers when wild blueberries are plentiful in the forests and countryside. Join us as we explore the history, ingredients, preparation methods, and cultural significance of mustikkakukko, along with a detailed recipe to bring this delightful Finnish treat into your own kitchen.

History and Cultural Significance:

Mustikkakukko holds a cherished place in Finnish culinary heritage, particularly in the rural regions where wild berries are abundant during the short but vibrant summer season. The name “kukko” refers to the shape of the pie, which traditionally resembles a cockerel due to its tapered ends. This rustic pie dates back centuries, where it was originally prepared by wrapping berries in a simple rye dough and baking it over an open fire or in a wood-fired oven. Today, mustikkakukko continues to be enjoyed as a nostalgic reminder of Finland’s natural bounty and the joy of foraging wild berries.

Ingredients for Mustikkakukko:

For the Dough:
  • 200g (1.5 cups) rye flour
  • 100g (3/4 cup) all-purpose flour
  • 150g (10 tbsp) cold butter, diced
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • Cold water, as needed
For the Filling:
  • 500g (4 cups) fresh blueberries
  • 100g (1/2 cup) sugar
  • 1 tbsp cornstarch (optional, to thicken filling)
  • 1 tbsp lemon juice (optional, to enhance flavor)


  1. Prepare the Dough:
    • In a large mixing bowl, combine the rye flour, all-purpose flour, and salt. Add the cold, diced butter and rub it into the flour mixture using your fingertips or a pastry cutter until it resembles coarse crumbs.
    • Gradually add cold water, a tablespoon at a time, and mix until the dough comes together into a smooth ball. Wrap the dough in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes to allow it to rest.
  2. Prepare the Filling:
    • In another bowl, gently toss the fresh blueberries with sugar. If desired, mix in cornstarch to thicken the filling slightly and lemon juice to enhance the flavor.
  3. Assemble the Mustikkakukko:
    • Preheat your oven to 200°C (400°F). Grease a 9-inch pie dish or a similar-sized baking dish.
    • Divide the chilled dough into two portions: one slightly larger for the bottom crust and one smaller for the top crust. Roll out the larger portion of dough on a lightly floured surface to fit the bottom and sides of the pie dish, leaving an overhang.
    • Place the rolled-out dough into the greased pie dish and press it gently to fit. Trim any excess dough hanging over the edges.
  4. Add the Filling:
    • Spoon the prepared blueberry filling into the pie dish, spreading it evenly over the dough.
  5. Create the Top Crust:
    • Roll out the smaller portion of dough on a floured surface to create a circle slightly larger than the diameter of the pie dish. Carefully place the rolled-out dough over the blueberry filling. Trim any excess dough and crimp the edges together with the bottom crust to seal.
  6. Bake the Mustikkakukko:
    • Using a sharp knife, make a few small slits in the top crust to allow steam to escape during baking.
    • Bake in the preheated oven for 40-45 minutes, or until the crust is golden brown and the blueberry filling is bubbling.
  7. Serve:
    • Remove the mustikkakukko from the oven and let it cool for at least 15-20 minutes before slicing. Serve warm, optionally with a scoop of vanilla ice cream or a dollop of whipped cream.

Tips for Perfect Mustikkakukko:

  • Rye Flour: The use of rye flour gives the crust its distinctive flavor and texture. It’s essential for achieving the authentic taste of mustikkakukko.
  • Filling Consistency: Adjust the amount of sugar according to the sweetness of the blueberries. If using very juicy berries, adding a tablespoon of cornstarch helps to thicken the filling and prevent it from becoming too runny.
  • Storage: Mustikkakukko can be stored at room temperature for up to two days. For longer storage, refrigerate in an airtight container for up to a week or freeze for up to three months.

Serving Suggestions:

Mustikkakukko is traditionally enjoyed as a dessert or a sweet snack, often served during Finnish summer gatherings, picnics, or as a treat after a day of berry picking in the forest. It pairs beautifully with a hot cup of coffee or tea, allowing you to savor the natural sweetness of fresh blueberries in every bite.


Mustikkakukko, with its rustic rye crust and bursting blueberry filling, captures the essence of Finnish summer and the joy of harvesting wild berries. Whether enjoyed fresh out of the oven or served as a delightful dessert, this traditional Finnish pie brings warmth and nostalgia to any occasion. By following this recipe, you can recreate the authentic flavors of mustikkakukko at home and experience the delightful simplicity of Finnish baking. Treat yourself and your loved ones to this classic dish and savor the flavors of Finland’s rich culinary tradition.

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Written by Robert Zelesky

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