Sichuan-style Fish Fillet: A Spicy and Flavorful Delight

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Sichuan-style Fish Fillet, known as “水煮鱼” (Shuizhu Yu) in Chinese, is a classic dish from the Sichuan province of China renowned for its fiery spices and complex flavors. This dish features tender fish fillets poached in a spicy broth infused with Sichuan peppercorns, chili peppers, and aromatic seasonings, creating a mouthwatering experience that captivates both heat seekers and lovers of bold flavors.

Culinary Heritage and Significance

Sichuan cuisine, famed for its use of peppercorns and chili peppers, is celebrated worldwide for its bold, pungent flavors and unique cooking techniques. Sichuan-style Fish Fillet is a prime example of this culinary tradition, showcasing the province’s penchant for creating dishes that are simultaneously spicy, aromatic, and deeply flavorful. Originally hailing from Chengdu, the capital city of Sichuan, this dish has gained popularity across China and beyond for its rich taste and addictive heat.


To prepare Sichuan-style Fish Fillet, gather the following ingredients:

For the Fish:

  • White Fish Fillets: 1 lb (about 450g), such as tilapia or cod, sliced diagonally into thin pieces
  • Salt: 1 tsp
  • Cornstarch: 1 tbsp
  • Shaoxing Wine or Dry Sherry: 1 tbsp

For the Broth:

  • Chicken Broth: 2 cups
  • Water: 1 cup
  • Sichuan Peppercorns: 1 tbsp, toasted and ground
  • Dried Red Chilies: 6-8, deseeded and chopped
  • Ginger: 2-inch piece, sliced
  • Garlic: 4 cloves, minced
  • Scallions (Spring Onions): 2, chopped (white and green parts separated)
  • Soy Sauce: 2 tbsp
  • Sichuan Chili Bean Paste (Doubanjiang): 2 tbsp
  • Sugar: 1 tsp
  • Cornstarch: 1 tbsp (dissolved in 2 tbsp water)
  • Vegetable Oil: 2 tbsp

For Garnish:

  • Cilantro (Coriander): Chopped, for garnish
  • Sichuan Peppercorn Oil: Optional, for drizzling

Preparation and Cooking Instructions

  1. Prepare the Fish:
    • Season fish fillet slices with salt, cornstarch, and Shaoxing wine (or dry sherry). Mix well and set aside for 15 minutes.
  2. Make the Broth:
    • In a large pot or wok, heat vegetable oil over medium-high heat.
    • Add ginger, garlic, white parts of scallions, and dried red chilies. Stir-fry for about 1 minute until fragrant.
    • Add Sichuan chili bean paste (Doubanjiang) and continue to stir-fry for another 1 minute.
    • Pour in chicken broth and water. Bring to a boil.
  3. Poach the Fish:
    • Carefully add the marinated fish fillets to the boiling broth.
    • Let the fish cook gently in the simmering broth for about 3-4 minutes until just cooked through and tender.
  4. Season the Broth:
    • Stir in soy sauce and sugar. Adjust seasoning to taste.
    • Add ground Sichuan peppercorns and stir well.
  5. Thicken the Broth:
    • Drizzle the dissolved cornstarch into the broth while stirring continuously. Cook for another 1-2 minutes until the sauce thickens slightly.
  6. Serve:
    • Transfer the Sichuan-style Fish Fillet and broth to a serving bowl.
    • Garnish with chopped green parts of scallions and cilantro.
    • Optionally, drizzle with Sichuan peppercorn oil for added aroma and heat.

Tips for Perfect Sichuan-style Fish Fillet

  • Choosing Fish: Use firm white fish fillets that hold up well to poaching, such as tilapia or cod.
  • Adjusting Spice Level: Control the heat by adjusting the amount of dried red chilies and Sichuan peppercorns to suit your preference.
  • Toasting Sichuan Peppercorns: Toasting enhances the fragrance of Sichuan peppercorns. Toast them in a dry skillet over low heat until fragrant before grinding.

Serving Suggestions

Sichuan-style Fish Fillet is traditionally served:

  • With Rice: Enjoy hot over steamed jasmine rice to balance the spiciness of the dish.
  • As a Main Dish: Pair with stir-fried vegetables or a light cucumber salad for a complete meal.
  • For Festive Occasions: Perfect for gatherings and celebrations, offering a taste of authentic Sichuan cuisine.

Nutritional Benefits

  • Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Fish provides essential omega-3 fatty acids, promoting heart health and cognitive function.
  • Antioxidants: Ginger and garlic offer antioxidant properties, supporting immune health and reducing inflammation.


Sichuan-style Fish Fillet embodies the bold and aromatic flavors of Sichuan cuisine, showcasing the province’s love for spicy and flavorful dishes. By following this recipe, you can recreate a dish that celebrates the vibrant culinary heritage of China’s Sichuan province at home. Whether enjoyed for its fiery kick or its complex layers of flavor, Sichuan-style Fish Fillet promises to delight adventurous eaters and lovers of authentic Chinese cuisine alike, inviting you to savor the essence of this beloved dish steeped in tradition and taste.

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Written by Robert Zelesky

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