Introduction to Turkmenistan cuisine
Turkmenistan cuisine is a blend of Eastern and Central Asian influences. The cuisine of Turkmenistan is known for its simplicity and usage of local ingredients. The primary staple food in Turkmenistan is wheat, and they use it in various forms like bread, porridge, and noodles. The cuisine also features a wide range of meat dishes, including lamb, beef, and chicken, and vegetables like eggplants, tomatoes, and peppers.
Meat dishes in Turkmenistan
Meat is a significant part of Turkmenistan cuisine, and it’s mostly cooked on open charcoal grills. Samsa is a popular meat pastry made with lamb, potatoes, onions, and herbs. Shashlik, grilled skewered meat, is also a local favorite and is served with onions, tomatoes, and bread. Plov is another popular dish made with rice, meat, carrots, and onions and is typically served during weddings and other special occasions.
Bread as a staple food in Turkmenistan
Bread is an essential part of Turkmenistan cuisine and is served with every meal. The traditional bread is called Chorek, which is a round, flatbread, similar to naan. It’s made with flour, water, salt, and yeast and is baked in a clay oven. Another popular bread is called Gyzyl Gysh, which is a thin, crispy bread, made with flour, water, and salt, and is often served with tea.
Vegetarian dishes in Turkmenistan
Vegetarian dishes are also prevalent in Turkmenistan cuisine. Lagman is a dish made with noodles, vegetables, and spices, and it’s typically served with tomato broth. The vegetable kebab is another popular vegetarian dish, made with vegetables like eggplants, tomatoes, and bell peppers, and is grilled on skewers. Another vegetarian dish is called Ash, a hearty soup made with lentils, beans, potatoes, and herbs.
Traditional desserts in Turkmenistan
The people of Turkmenistan have a sweet tooth, and they have several traditional desserts. Chak-Chak is a sweet pastry made with flour, honey, and butter, and it’s often served during weddings and special occasions. Halva is another popular dessert, made with sesame seeds, sugar, and butter, and is often served with tea. Another dessert is called Goshnan, which is a sweet pastry filled with nuts, raisins, and honey.
Drinks in Turkmenistan cuisine
Tea is the most popular beverage in Turkmenistan and is served throughout the day. Green tea is the most common variety, and it’s often served with sweets and pastries. Another popular beverage is called Ayran, which is a salty yogurt drink. It’s a refreshing beverage and is often served during the summer months. Sherbet is a sweet fruit drink made with sugar, water, and fruit, and it’s often served during weddings and special occasions.
In conclusion, Turkmenistan cuisine is a vibrant and diverse blend of Central Asian and Eastern influences. The cuisine features a wide range of meat and vegetable dishes, bread, and desserts. The people of Turkmenistan take pride in their cuisine, and it’s an essential part of their cultural heritage.