July is the equator of summer, and even though the main garden work is done in the spring, you can still plant a few plants and harvest from them now.
What you can plant in a vegetable garden in late July and mid-July
In the second month of summer, you can plant many crops – mostly herbs and salad vegetables. For such purposes, the freed beds from previous plantings are ideal. Also gardeners plant plants, the harvest from which will need to be collected in the fall.
Lettuce, watercress, and arugula
These salad vegetables can be planted all summer – they mature quickly and give a regular harvest. These crops are cold-resistant, so gardeners start sowing seeds in the soil in the spring, and then every two weeks repeat the procedure to regularly have fresh greens for the table. Take into account that among the variety of lettuces there are spring, summer, and autumn varieties. Summer ones require planting in well-moistened soil and regular watering, otherwise the plants will taste bitter.
It is planted also from early spring, and then every 10-15 days until the fall. The soil for planting dill should be well loosened, as well as located under direct sunlight. It is best to soak dill seeds in hot water for 2-3 days before planting, then the first shoots will appear quickly. If you do not do this, the development of the plant will occur 13-18 days after planting.
This culture is also very loyal to temperatures – as soon as the last snow comes off the ground, it can already be planted in the garden. In addition, spinach is compatible with almost all other plants, so it will be a great option for planting in between the rows. Spinach is sown from March through July to use mature leaves, and until mid-August for young leaves. In July, it is best to choose varieties that are resistant to stemming and sow them at 20-30 day intervals.
Seeds of this vegetable can be sown all July – it is only worth choosing the right variety:
- early – 45-60 days from sprouts to technical ripeness;
- medium – 60 to 90 days;
- Late varieties – more than 90 days.
Gardeners who plan to use turnips in summer sow them in spring, but the harvest from seeds planted in July can be harvested closer to autumn and prepared for the winter.
Experienced gardeners say that beets are best sown three times during the season: in spring – for summer consumption; in June – for large root crops intended for winter storage, and in July to have young beets in the fall. The best option is to grow beets through sprouts, then you will see the first sprouts faster than with any other method.
Early-ripening beans can be replanted in July if you want pods rather than beans. Even if suddenly the weather changes and you do not get a crop, the garden will not be worse from this planting, because beans – are an excellent side.
Early varieties of white cabbage are another option for your empty beds. If you already have medium- and late-ripening varieties, it makes no sense to plant early ones, but in the case when late varieties did not go well – it is quite possible to plant summer sprouts. Its maturity period – is 50-55 days.
Broccoli – another crop that is actively planted in July. The main thing is not to put off this moment and have time before the middle of the month. Then the cabbage will withstand autumn frosts and will be fruitful until October.
Also in July, you can plant Peking cabbage, whose maturity period is very short – 50-60 days. This will help you get a harvest twice a season, but if you want to grow Beijing cabbage, consider its sensitivity to daylight hours. If the day is short – 12-14 hours, there is leaf growth and cabbage setting. With longer light – 16-18 hours – irreversible formation of flower stalks begins and, as a consequence, the harvest is completely lost.
Gardeners and horticulturists believe that the Chinese cabbage should not be planted before July 15.