Types of Coffee: This is How Arabica, Robusta and Co Differ

Coffee is not just coffee: Depending on the bean, roasting, and preparation, there are very different flavors. There is also decaffeinated coffee, whole or ground, from conventional cultivation or as organic coffee. We provide you with an overview of the most important varieties.

Delicious selection: coffee varieties

A day without coffee: unthinkable for many. As a pick-me-up and stimulant, the drink has a permanent place in our everyday lives. A steaming cup of coffee awakens your spirits in the morning, an espresso does you good after a hearty meal and in summer an iced coffee is a refreshing thirst quencher. Coffee specialties such as cappuccino, latte macchiato, Irish coffee or one of our delicious iced coffees simply make our life more beautiful, and coffee recipes for cakes, desserts, and hearty dishes enrich our menu. It’s no wonder that the preparation of coffee is considered an art and a barista is always able to elicit a new aroma from the delicacy. In fact, the roast, grind, and brewing method play the most important role in flavor because there aren’t that many types of coffee. More than 90% is based on just two types of coffee: Arabica and Robusta.

Arabica and Robusta: the main types of coffee

The beans of the Arabica coffee plant account for around 70% of the market share and give the coffee a mild, fruity aroma. Coffee types based on Robusta beans taste stronger and have more caffeine. They are therefore often used for espresso, which otherwise differs from normal coffee in that it roasts longer. Depending on the growing area, Arabica and Robusta coffee varieties taste different. The provenance is therefore just as important for the aroma as the bean.

In addition to pure types of coffee – recognizable by labels such as 100% Arabica – there are mixtures, the so-called blends. Here, beans from different coffee plants or different origins are mixed. In addition to Arabica and Robusta, there are around 60 other types of coffee, but they play a minor role. The best-known representatives include Liberica and Excelsa.

What else you should consider when drinking coffee

When looking for your favorite type of coffee, the proof of the pudding is in the eating. When buying, make sure that the coffee of your choice goes with your coffee machine. A note on the packaging provides clarity. For example, types with a high oil content or flavored ones are not suitable for fully automatic coffee machines.

Once you have found your favorite and would like to drink a cup of it every hour, the question arises “How much coffee is healthy?” The good news: The earlier concerns about coffee as a liquid robber are now outdated. Up to five cups a day are usually well tolerated by healthy people and can be enjoyed without any disadvantages. Of course, our Irish coffee is not one of them. It promises warming cocktail enjoyment on a coffee-whiskey basis. And what if you don’t want coffee beans? Then there are now many ways to enjoy delicious coffee substitutes.

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